Part-time instructors at California’s community colleges have to work multiple jobs to make a living wage, but some still don’t have enough health insurance.
A state fund to aid them hasn’t been increased for decades from
ployed across the state’s sprawling community college system.
The survey shows that 6 percent of part-time faculty don’t have health insurance from any source. A third of respondents said they receive insurance from a college at which they teach. About a quarter relied on their spouse’s coverage and 17 percent got theirs from Covered California or
Many say they still skip out on vital medical care — an indication that their insurance may be inadequate. Of those who responded, 30 percent said they did not get a medical test or exam that was recommended by a doctor.
Nearly a fifth of respondents said they didn’t fill a prescription for themselves or a dependent and 11 percent said they cut pills in half or skipped doses.
The data, shared exclusively with CalMatters before being released today, give rare, if incomplete, insight into the health benefits and labor patterns of part-time faculty. Sometimes known in education circles as “freeway flyers” because of the multiple colleges many work at to earn a living wage, these instructors make up most of the teaching faculty in the state’s 116 community colleges but typically earn far less for the same amount of work full-time faculty receive.
The union argues that employers should be providing health insurance, not spouses or public subsidies.
“That’s the cost of having employees,” said
In its latest state budget goals, the leadership of the state
Current health program only gets
Newsom’s plan is to supercharge a state fund from the 1990s that allows colleges to be partially reimbursed for providing health insurance to part-time faculty.
But that program only receives
Meanwhile, part-time community college faculty at nearly half the college districts get no employer-provided health insurance, an EdSource investigation found.
A separate analysis by the union suggests that
The 50 percent cut-off in the analysis also assumes that currently no district will have more than half of their part-timers eligible for this health insurance because of minimum work requirements. If the program is better funded, it’s likely more faculty will participate.
The federation of teachers wants to apply several tweaks to Newsom’s plan before the state budget must be passed by
One is to allow part time faculty to combine their teaching loads at multiple districts to reach the state program’s minimum 40 percent threshold of full-time work needed to access health insurance coverage. Currently, an instructor who teaches 20 percent of a full-time load at two different districts is unable to merge those workloads to receive health insurance. Some colleges choose to require a higher threshold for part-time faculty to access insurance. To get around that, the union also wants to make the 40 percent threshold the minimum requirement across all colleges. But that rule would apply only to colleges that want to use additional state health insurance dollars if there’s money left over.
Either of those changes would help restore no-cost or affordable health insurance for
To keep her insurance benefits, she purchased a COBRA plan that costs around
The pursuit for enough teaching assignments to qualify for benefits “feels like Russian roulette,” Jones said. “It’s like a roller coaster that never stops and I’m always desperately trying to get more sections to feed this thing and keep it going.”
Health insurance is part of bigger picture
At least one lawmaker had argued that the road to better benefits is for more part-time faculty to become tenured. “It’s a no-brainer to me: Why not just hire them full-time, give them the benefits that they deserve as a full-time employee?” asked Assemblymember
But college finance officers last year said declining community college enrollment means locking in money for full-time faculty makes little fiscal sense. Faculty disagreed.
It may seem counterintuitive for unions to vie for better treatment of part-time faculty when they also want more full-time openings at the colleges. But by paying part-time faculty “like you pay full-time faculty” and giving them health care, colleges have no benefit to continue hiring part-time faculty, “so you might as well hire full-time faculty,” Freitas said.
Just about a third of the faculty are full-time with benefits. Not only does that full-time status come with higher pay, but the salaries account for all the work faculty must do outside the classroom to educate their students, such as grading, lesson planning and mentoring students. But rarely do colleges pay part-time faculty for that non-classroom work.
There’s increased pushback to that reality. Two part-time community college faculty are suing
The new union survey shows that 59 percent of respondents earn less than
Should Covered California insure community college part-time faculty?
That had the Legislative Analyst’s Office asking whether tying part-time faculty health insurance to college employment makes sense. “Potentially having to change health plans frequently might be less optimal for part-time faculty than remaining insured under Covered California.”
But if the state pours more money into part-time faculty health plans, “unions and the districts may negotiate to improve the benefits currently offered,” said
Jones said she’ll sign up with Covered California if her COBRA runs out early next year and her employer health insurance isn’t restored. That’s not ideal, she said, because she’s used to the doctors and care on her current plan, which she may lose under a different insurer.
“But, frankly, if I’m not teaching enough, then the chances of my being able to afford the payment (for Covered California) aren’t very good either,” Jones said.